For decades, Milton Santos has been considered one of the most influential thinkers in Brazilian and Latin American social sciences and. Milton Santos was born on May 3, in Brotas de Macaúbas, Bahia, Brazil as Milton de Almeida dos Santos. He died on June 24, in São Paulo, SP. For decades, Milton Santos has been considered one of the most influential thinkers in Brazilian and Latin American social sciences and.


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Milton Santos

The award is modeled after the Nobel Prize and is considered and colloquially called the Nobel Prize for geography. Milton's father was a descendant from milton santos, which gave Santos motivation to study.

Amongst geographers, includ- ing those invited to work with all sorts of territorial planning proposals, the prob- lem of geographic space as a dynamic force of society is rarely brought under consideration. Moreover, if the foundations of the epistemological structure of geog- raphy are loose, the political practices that derive from them will be, to say the least, biased.

The understanding of geographic space as synonymous with banal space7 obliges us to take all elements of the totality into account and to perceive the interrelations between phenomena. It is the space of all humankind, regardless of its differences; the space of all institutions, regardless of their strength; the space of all companies, regardless of their power.

This is the space of all dimensions of the happening,8 of all determinations of the social totality. This is a vision that incorporates the movement of the whole, allowing us to face properly the task of analysis. With the notions of used territory and banal space, the themes that the real imposes upon us as the object of research and of intervention jump to our eyes.

Introducing Milton Santos and “The Active Role of Geography” |

But such a realization is not sufficient. It is necessary to fine-tune the concepts that make our focus operational.

The richness of geography as a province of knowledge resides precisely in the fact that we can at the same time consider objects materialityactions societyand their mutual conditioning as being interwoven with the movement of history.

The other human sciences do not dominate this rich epistemological vein. The used territory constitutes a complex whole in which is woven a web of comple- mentary and conflicting relations; hence the force of the concept, inviting one to think the relations between place, sociospatial formation,9 and the world in a processual way.

Each time that we start from one of the aspects of society or the territory instead of considering the common movement of society as a whole and of the territory as a whole we end up encountering guidelines that are only applicable to a determined area of expertise—an instance of social life; however, this approach does not allow a truly effective intervention that aims at milton santos whole of society.

In other words, such solutions are occasional, but not durable; they are partial remedies, but not global10 ones. Any proposal for analysis and interpretation that wishes to inspire or guide an interven- tion directed at the whole of society cannot dispense, then, with a vision of this whole.

Since partial milton santos are unable to generate changes that encompass the totality of the territory and of society, they tend to particular interests or present ephemeral and unfeasible results.

A partial position of geography toward its object is supported by the fact that geogra- phy is often seen as a fragmented discipline; yet, adopting this partial position renders geography theoretically fragile.

Operative and partial approaches can become barriers to the development of the discipline and of its role as a branch of knowledge, particu- larly when these approaches seem to take the place of geography or autonomously jus- tify its existence.

The Active Role of Geography: A Manifesto 3 4.

Milton Santos

Sometimes it is the very training of the geographer that invites the fragmentation of knowledge and work. It is a common opinion that it is possible to propose interventions in reality, through approaches grounded in partial visions, even if these milton santos often serve the politics of large companies.

Will this be the outcome we seek?


In the teaching of geography, the totality of geographic knowledge is less frequently considered than we would desire. Geography milton santos almost always presented to the student, from the first moment, in segmented form, which interferes with under- standing an essentially geographic approach and compromises the training of profes- sional geographers and the very future of the discipline.

The book also includes a number of short chapters written by scholars from Brazil, Spain and France.